CISCO порусски. Набор статей 2

Физическое подключение

Физическое подключение

IEEE 802.3 specifies several different physical layers, whereas Ethernet defines only one. Each IEEE 802.3 physical layer protocol has a name that summarizes its characteristics. The coded components of an IEEE 802.3 physical-layer name are shown in Figure 5-1.

Figure 5-1 : IEEE 802.3 Physical-Layer Name Components

A summary of Ethernet Version 2 and IEEE 802.3 characteristics appears in Table 5-1. Характеристики Ethernet IEEE 802.310Base510Base21Base510BaseT10Broad36
Скорость, Mbps 10 10 10 1 10 10
Метод передачи Baseband Baseband Baseband Baseband Baseband Broadband
Макс. длина сегмента, м 500 500 185 250 100 1800
Среда передачи 50-Ом коаксиал (толстый) 50-Ом коаксиал (толстый) 50-Ом коаксиал (тонкий) неэкр. витая пара неэкр. витая пара 75-ohm coax
Топология Шина Шина Шина Звезда Звезда Шина

Table 5-1 Ethernet Version 2 and IEEE 802.3 Physical Characteristics

Ethernet is most similar to IEEE 802.3 10Base5. Both of these protocols specify a bus topology network with a connecting cable between the end stations and the actual network medium. In the case of Ethernet, that cable is called a transceiver cable. The transceiver cable connects to a transceiver device attached to the physical network medium. The IEEE 802.3 configuration is much the same, except that the connecting cable is referred to as an attachment unit interface (AUI), and the transceiver is called a medium attachment unit (MAU). In both cases, the connecting cable attaches to an interface board (or interface circuitry) within the end station.

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